What are PRP Injections?
PRP injection is an advanced therapy that uses a patient’s own blood components to help accelerate the healing of injuries. The blood is drawn and separated by a centrifuge device to create a concentrate of platelets in plasma. This concentrate contains multiple growth factors and up to 500% of bioactive proteins that are essential in inducing and accelerating tissue repair and regeneration. Using the most advanced tissue guidance with ultrasound or fluroscopy, the PRP concentrate is injected into the damaged areas including connective tissues, bone, and hyaline cartilages to expedite the development of new blood vessels necessary for tissue healing.
How is platelet rich plasma (PRP) obtained?
PRP is obtained sterily from the patient just before it will be used by drawing blood from the patient and then using a kit that will separate out the red and white blood cells and then concentrate the plasma and platelets to be used for the treatment. We use Emcyte Pure PRP processing kits to obtain the PRP because it year after year gives consistent concentration of the platelets/ plasma to 5-X (times) the concentration of the patient’s blood counts, which is the level of concentration recommended for use with PRP. There are many kits on the market that only concentrate 2-3X and are cheaper to purchase for the clinic but do not offer the best clinical outcomes—buyer beware—always ask what kit will be used for PRP procedures and what the normal concentration of the PRP will be with that particular kit.
Does platelet rich plasma (PRP) contain stem cells?
PRP does NOT contain stem cells but does contain growth factors and has anti-inflammatory properties that speed up the bodies natural healing process. After PRP is injected into a damages tissue, it immediately “attacks” the damages tissue and releases inflammatory mediators as well as release chemotactic factors that will signal the body’s own circulating stem cells and growth factors to come to a damaged area to aid in healing. PRP will do the same when used with donor stem cells injected at the same time as PRP in a regenerative procedure.