What are the Risks Involved?
The potential risks of surgery to implant an intrathecal pump include any complication that can also occur with other types of surgery and anesthesia. These include:
- Spinal cord injury
- Hardware difficulties
- Allergic reaction
- Failure to relieve pain
There are some risks that are unique to the implantation of the infusion surgery and anesthesia. They include:
- Accumulation of fluid in the pump pocket site
- CSF leakage
- Spinal headaches
The catheter could leak, become kinked, disconnected, or dislodged, thereby requiring additional corrective surgery.
A device component could fail, making it necessary to replace it. You could experience side effect or overdose symptoms of the drug being infused through the pump.
It is important that you discuss with your doctor the potential risks, complications and benefits regarding this therapy prior to giving your informed consent for treatment.
There will be some discomfort at the incision sites. Your doctor may prescribe something to help relieve post-surgery pain and an antibiotic to prevent infection. Infection is rare, but you do need to be aware of the signs of infection.
Signs of Infection:
- Increased pain at the incision site.
- Drainage that is pus-like in nature
- Redness and swelling at the incision
- Heat at the incision
- Unpleasant odor at the incision
Other symptoms to report immediately
If you experience clear, watery fluid draining from your wound, or develop a headache when you are upright, you may have a spinal fluid leak. You should notify your doctor’s nurse or the doctor on call right away. You will want to limit your activity for 6 to 8 weeks in order to prevent the catheter from moving before healing is complete. After the incision has healed, the pump site will require no special care. Oral medications will be reduced as the amount of medication released by the pump is increased. It will take several weeks to reach the optimal dosage.
Maintaining Your Pump
You will schedule regular appointments with your doctor for pump refills. At each visit your pump will be checked to be sure it is working properly. Work with your doctor to find the effective medication dosage for you. Call your doctor’s nurse and report any unusual reactions to the medication. Call your doctor’s nurse immediately if you hear beeping sounds from the pump. It will beep to signal that attention is needed: a refill is due, the battery needs to be changed, or there is a problem with the pump delivering medication. Do not participate in activities that could result in a blow to the pump site.
Carry your pump identification card with you at all times. Consult with your doctor before scheduling any diagnostic tests such as MRI or other diagnostic imaging, or before engaging in treatments that could involve changes in atmospheric pressure (long flights, unpressurized flights, or hyperbaric chamber) or extreme changes in temperature (sauna or hot tub). Extreme temperature or pressure changes may result in the pump releasing too much medication or not enough. You can expect the battery to last 3 to 5 years, depending upon the amount of medication the pump delivers. At the end of battery life, the pump will need to be replaced.