OPTIMAL Pain & Regenerative Medicine® is now offering a new sacroiliac joint pain treatment called the Orthofix SambaScrew® to patients in Dallas, Fort Worth and Arlington, Texas.
What is the Sacroiliac Joint?
The sacroiliac joint, commonly known as the SI joint, is located near the bottom of the lumbar spine above the tailbone. This joint connects the sacrum, the triangular bone at the base of the spine, with the pelvis. The SI joint is different from other joints in the body, because it has limited range of motion. This joint helps support the weight of your upper body, which places a large amount of stress across the SI joint.
What is SI Joint Pain?
SI joint pain can be felt on the affected side in the lower back and buttock. In some cases, pain and/or numbness can radiate down into the leg. According to research, SI joint pain is likely the source of pain for 30% of patients who report having lower back pain. Patients with SI joint pain often report disrupted sleep and sitting patterns due to pain and discomfort. The cause of SI joint pain can be due to hypermobility or instability in the joint, or hypomobility or fixation in the joint.
How to Diagnose Sacroiliac Joint Disorder?
Sacroiliac joint disorder is diagnosed by the patient’s history, physical findings, radiological findings, and SI joint injections. SI joint injections, which are the gold standard for confirming sacroiliac joint disorder, are administered with fluoroscopic or CT guidance to validate accurate placement of the needle in the SI joint. Once the needle is inserted into the SI joint, numbing medication is then injected into the joint. Once this is complete, patients are asked to try and reproduce the pain by performing normally painful activities. If the patient experiences 75-80% lower back pain relief during the duration of the anesthetic, a diagnosis of SI joint disorder can be confirmed.